QUALITATIVE SURVEY OF TEACHERS ATTENDANCE AND ATTRITION IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NASARAWA STATE NIGERIA
KASHIM KPANJA LAGU PhD
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY KEFFI
The study collected information on some variables of attendance and attrition of teachers in public primary schools in Nasarawa State and used percentage to analize the findings. The findings show that teachers were between 20-49 years of age,+there are more male than female teachers, their parental occupation were craftsmen and farmers without formal education. Teachers have both pre-service and in-service training. The teachers gave varied time school open; between 7.00am-8.00am for morning and 12noon- 3.oopm for afternoon session. Majority of the responded live in the LGA they work and go to school by motor cycle and trekking. Teachers reported indiscriminate transfer by the authority concern. Finding also shows teachers died of HIV-AIDS and do not engage in other activities. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on proper supervision, information, professional development, transfer of teachers and the issue of payment of salaries. All these and others would reduce the problem of attendance and attrition of teachers in our public primary schools in the State. Keywords: Attendance, Attrition, Primary schools and Public primary schools.
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STRATEGIES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME IN NIGERIA; PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS.
EMEH, AUGUSTA NKECHI.
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE, FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY, EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY ABAKALIKI.
National health insurance scheme (NHIS) is a cooperate body established under degree number 35 of 1999 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to improve the health care of all Nigerians at a cost the government and the citizens can afford (Okoronkwo, 2004). The main goal is to bring health care closer to the populace. The scheme became effective in 2005, six years after its introduction with a low rate of participation in the scheme even eight years later. Presently, the beneficiaries are the federal government workers with exclusion of workers from private sector. This is because of the in cumbersome modalities involved in the implementation of the programme coupled with level of awareness of the programme in the informal sector. The two major problems among others that the scheme has faced are poverty of majority of the populace and inadequate health care facilities and providers. The paper therefore recommends that, there should be regular workshops and seminars for all cadre of Health Professionals and consumers on NHIS to foster its implementation, among other things. Keywords: National Health Insurance Scheme, Implementation, and Prospect.
Keywords: National Health Insurance Scheme, Implementation, and Prospect.
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UNDER-FIVE CHILD MORTALITY: AN ASSESSMENT OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL 4 IN ABUJA MUNICIPAL AREA COUNCIL
ORJI, IKECHUKWU ANTHONY
This research examined Under-five Mortality as a case study for assessment of Millennium Development Goal 4 in Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) in the FCT, Abuja. The objective was to examine the efforts of the public sector, in Abuja Municipal Area Council in tackling child health care within the Millennium Development Goals Programmes. Two targets and 3 indicators for monitoring the Goals and aspects of the National Policy on health as it pertains to under-five child health were specifically selected. Five key issues came out prominently from the National Policy on health namely: child health Care Delivery system by the public sector,’ quality care and management of child health care; child health care issues outside the control of children and of course the Millennium Development Goal 4 and the 3 indicators. Including under-five mortality rate,’ Infant mortality rate and proportion of one year-old children immunized against measles. Thereafter, 2 hypotheses were formulated and tested with chi-square non-parametric test to ascertain their validity. The Research method used included desk, survey and instrument of structured questionnaire. The populations of study were three categories namely: Officials of the Special Assistant to the President on the MDGs; Primary Health care services providers in 5 selected PHC in AMAC; mother of under-five children in five AMAC Primary Health care centres. Sample size were determined using proportional stratification method and 222 samples were given questionnaires which consisted of thirty questions and data collected were processed using descriptive statistical analysis, percentages and manual computation. The research found discrepancies and unsatisfactory performance of indicators pertaining to Millennium Development Goal 4 (to reduce child mortality) by 2015. The research however found that the implementation of Midwives Service Scheme by the Federal Government has scaled up performance and acted as catalyst with a turnaround in the focus and performance of the Millennium Development Goal 4. This new system if properly sustained would have certainly ensure a high score towards reduction by 2/3rd of’ under 5 Mortality Rate by the life span of MDGs in October 2015. The research accordingly recommended the stepping up of Midwives Service Scheme and at the same time, free medical services for children under 5 and for pregnant women in the Abuja “Municipal Area Council, as two sure sources for the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4. The research also recommended that immunization programmes for children should be directed at measles eradication and vaccines for the “six killer diseases” of children, among other recommendation.
Keywords: Under-five child mortality, millennium development goal 4
,Immunization,Mortality Rate, Ante-Natal Care, Public sector.
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TEACHER’S PERCEPTION OF EXTERNAL SUPERVISORY PRACTICES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE
UDUMA EMMANUEL OGBONNIA (Ph.D)
DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IKWO
This study investigated external supervisory practices in secondary schools in Ebonyi State. The purpose of the study was to find out external supervisory practices in secondary schools. Such supervisory practices include enforcement of stipulated rule and standards, classroom visitation, classroom lesson observation, classroom lesson discussion and teacher’s motivations. Five research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 3,266 tutorial staff and principals of 223 Government owned Secondary Schools in Ebonyi State. Six hundred teachers and principals were sampled using 18.5%. A simple random sampling technique was used. A structured questionnaire titled “External Supervisory Practice Questionnaire” (ESPQ) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by six experts in the department of Educational Foundations as well as Science Education department. It was trial tested on 50 respondents not included in the main sample of the study from Abia State to determine the reliability using Cronbach Alpha which yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.95. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to answer the research questions while the t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings indicated that teachers and Principals negatively perceived enforcement of stipulated rules and standards as supervisory practice which generates fears and resentment in them. Male and female teachers and principals negatively perceived supervisor’s classroom visitation as obstruction on their instructional practice as well as making them unsafe. Rural and urban teachers and principals negatively perceived classroom lesson observation as what makes supervisors focus on their competence on instructional strategies. Teachers and principals positively perceived classroom lesson discussion as action that makes them to know their areas of strengths and weaknesses in their instructional practice. Based on the findings, the study recommended that Government through her relevant agencies should endeavour to send well trained supervisors to schools who should adopt democratic approach while supervising teachers. Government should also improve the conditions of service provided to teachers and principals, among other recommendation through regular payment of salaries, allowances and promotions Key words: Teacher’s perception and External supervisory practices
Key words: Teacher’s perception and External supervisory practices
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BANE FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN EBONYI STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF NIGERIA
NWANI PIUS OKORIE
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IKWO
This study was carried out to fine out the factors that hinders the effective implementation of continuous assessment in chemistry in Ebonyi State Secondary Schools. The study was conducted using 90 chemistry teachers, 30 each from the three educational zones in the State. The instrument used was teacher questionnaires, which was made up of 17 items each question measuring the problem areas against effective implementation of continuous assessment in chemistry. Data were collected and duly analyzed. Based on the analysis made some findings were made which include inadequate chemistry teachers, large class and lack of seriousness among teachers to mention but a few. In view of the findings some recommendations were made on how best continuous assessment could be effective implemented in chemistry in Ebonyi State Secondary School
Keywords:Assessment,continuous,Implementation assessment, continuos
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