QUALITATIVE SURVEY OF TEACHERS ATTENDANCE AND ATTRITION IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NASARAWA STATE NIGERIA
KASHIM KPANJA LAGU PhD
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY KEFFI
The study collected information on some variables of attendance and attrition of teachers in public primary schools in Nasarawa State and used percentage to analize the findings. The findings show that teachers were between 20-49 years of age,+there are more male than female teachers, their parental occupation were craftsmen and farmers without formal education. Teachers have both pre-service and in-service training. The teachers gave varied time school open; between 7.00am-8.00am for morning and 12noon- 3.oopm for afternoon session. Majority of the responded live in the LGA they work and go to school by motor cycle and trekking. Teachers reported indiscriminate transfer by the authority concern. Finding also shows teachers died of HIV-AIDS and do not engage in other activities. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on proper supervision, information, professional development, transfer of teachers and the issue of payment of salaries. All these and others would reduce the problem of attendance and attrition of teachers in our public primary schools in the State. Keywords: Attendance, Attrition, Primary schools and Public primary schools.
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STRATEGIES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME IN NIGERIA; PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS.
EMEH, AUGUSTA NKECHI.
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE, FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY, EBONYI ? ? ? ? ? ? ?STATE UNIVERSITY ABAKALIKI.
National health insurance scheme (NHIS) is a cooperate body established under degree number 35 of 1999 by the Federal Government of Nigeria to improve the health care of all Nigerians at a cost the government and the citizens can afford (Okoronkwo, 2004). The main goal is to bring health care closer to the populace. The scheme became effective in 2005, six years after its introduction with a low rate of participation in the scheme even eight years later. Presently, the beneficiaries are the federal government workers with exclusion of workers from private sector. This is because of the in cumbersome modalities involved in the implementation of the programme coupled with level of awareness of the programme in the informal sector. The two major problems among others that the scheme has faced are poverty of majority of the populace and inadequate health care facilities and providers. The paper therefore recommends that, there should be regular workshops and seminars for all cadre of Health Professionals and consumers on NHIS to foster its implementation, among other things. Keywords: National Health Insurance Scheme, Implementation, and Prospect.
Keywords: National Health Insurance Scheme, Implementation, and Prospect.
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?UNDER-FIVE CHILD MORTALITY: AN ASSESSMENT OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL 4 IN ABUJA ? ?MUNICIPAL AREA COUNCIL
ORJI, IKECHUKWU ANTHONY
This research examined Under-five Mortality as a case study for assessment of Millennium Development Goal 4 in Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) in the FCT, Abuja. The objective was to examine the efforts of the public sector, in Abuja Municipal Area Council in tackling child health care within the Millennium Development Goals Programmes. Two targets and 3 indicators for monitoring the Goals and aspects of the National Policy on health as it pertains to under-five child health were specifically selected. Five key issues came out prominently from the National Policy on health namely: child health Care Delivery system by the public sector,’ quality care and management of child health care; child health care issues outside the control of children and of course the Millennium Development Goal 4 and the 3 indicators. Including under-five mortality rate,’ Infant mortality rate and proportion of one year-old children immunized against measles. Thereafter, 2 hypotheses were formulated and tested with chi-square non-parametric test to ascertain their validity. The Research method used included desk, survey and instrument of structured questionnaire. The populations of study were three categories namely: Officials of the Special Assistant to the President on the MDGs; Primary Health care services providers in 5 selected PHC in AMAC; mother of under-five children in five AMAC Primary Health care centres. Sample size were determined using proportional stratification method and 222 samples were given questionnaires which consisted of thirty questions and data collected were processed using descriptive statistical analysis, percentages and manual computation. The research found discrepancies and unsatisfactory performance of indicators pertaining to Millennium Development Goal 4 (to reduce child mortality) by 2015. The research however found that the implementation of Midwives Service Scheme by the Federal Government has scaled up performance and acted as catalyst with a turnaround in the focus and performance of the Millennium Development Goal 4. This new system if properly sustained would have certainly ensure a high score towards reduction by 2/3rd of’ under 5 Mortality Rate by the life span of MDGs in October 2015. The research accordingly recommended the stepping up of Midwives Service Scheme and at the same time, free medical services for children under 5 and for pregnant women in the Abuja “Municipal Area Council, as two sure sources for the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4. The research also recommended that immunization programmes for children should be directed at measles eradication and vaccines for the “six killer diseases? of children, among other recommendation.
Keywords: Under-five child mortality, millennium development goal 4
,Immunization,Mortality Rate, Ante-Natal Care, Public sector.
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TEACHER’S PERCEPTION OF EXTERNAL SUPERVISORY PRACTICES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE
UDUMA EMMANUEL OGBONNIA (Ph.D)
DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IKWO
This study investigated external supervisory practices in secondary schools in Ebonyi State. The purpose of the study was to find out external supervisory practices in secondary schools. Such supervisory practices include enforcement of stipulated rule and standards, classroom visitation, classroom lesson observation, classroom lesson discussion and teacher’s motivations. Five research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 3,266 tutorial staff and principals of 223 Government owned Secondary Schools in Ebonyi State. Six hundred teachers and principals were sampled using 18.5%. A simple random sampling technique was used. A structured questionnaire titled ?External Supervisory Practice Questionnaire? (ESPQ) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by six experts in the department of Educational Foundations as well as Science Education department. It was trial tested on 50 respondents not included in the main sample of the study from Abia State to determine the reliability using Cronbach Alpha which yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.95. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to answer the research questions while the t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings indicated that teachers and Principals negatively perceived enforcement of stipulated rules and standards as supervisory practice which generates fears and resentment in them. Male and female teachers and principals negatively perceived supervisor’s classroom visitation as obstruction on their instructional practice as well as making them unsafe. Rural and urban teachers and principals negatively perceived classroom lesson observation as what makes supervisors focus on their competence on instructional strategies. Teachers and principals positively perceived classroom lesson discussion as action that makes them to know their areas of strengths and weaknesses in their instructional practice. Based on the findings, the study recommended that Government through her relevant agencies should endeavour to send well trained supervisors to schools who should adopt democratic approach while supervising teachers. Government should also improve the conditions of service provided to teachers and principals, among other recommendation through regular payment of salaries, allowances and promotions Key words: Teacher’s perception and External supervisory practices
Key words: Teacher’s perception and External supervisory practices
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BANE FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN EBONYI STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF NIGERIA
NWANI PIUS OKORIE
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION IKWO
This study was carried out to fine out the factors that hinders the effective implementation of continuous assessment ?in chemistry in Ebonyi State Secondary Schools. The study was conducted using 90 chemistry teachers, 30 each from the three educational zones in the State. The instrument used was teacher questionnaires, which was made up of 17 items each question measuring the problem areas against effective implementation of continuous assessment in chemistry. Data were collected and duly analyzed. Based on the analysis made some findings were made which include inadequate chemistry teachers, large class and lack of seriousness among teachers to mention but a few. In view of the findings some recommendations were made on how best continuous assessment could be effective implemented in chemistry in Ebonyi State Secondary School
Keywords:Assessment,continuous,Implementation assessment, continuos
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Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS). Challenges and Strategies for its Attainment in Nigeria by 2030.
Odoh Emmanuel Onwe.
Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo
This paper examined the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs ). Challenges and strategies for its attainment in Nigeria by 2030. Sustainable Development is the Development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore Sustainable Development Goals, are set of goals that will guide the attainment of sustainable development in the world. SDGs emerged as a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which started in 2000. Also bearing in mind that the MDGs were not achieved or attained by 2015 deadline. The Sustainable Development Goals were articulated by Inter-agency and Expert Groups organized by the United Nations. It was on September 25th 2015, that the countries of the world adopted it for implementation for the next 15 years (2016-2030) with 17 goals and 169 targets. Some challenges envisage to hinder its attainment in Nigeria include, late release of fund, corrupt government officials, very poor terrain of most communities and bureaucratic bottlenecks among other things. The paper recommended among other things that Government should sensitize both the public and private sector organizations, Non-Governmental organization and Civil society groups by giving them financial support on the activities that promote human development and well being which is the key of SDGs.
Key words; Sustainable Development, Sustainable Development Goals and strategy
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INTERNATIONALIZATION OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: A PROGRESSIVE APPROACH
Uduma, Emmanuel Ogbonnia Ph.D
Department of Primary Education Ebonyi State College of Education
The internationalization of business is having great impact on human resource management practices, and has now become more important than ever for business or educational organization to engage in human resource management practices. While the management of people is mostly associated with Human Resource Management (HRM). The definition, parameter and context are contested by different researchers. However, the paper attempted to differentiate between personnel management and human resource management by emphasizing on the progressive approach to managing people. The purpose of this paper is to examine the principles and progressive approach of internationalization of human resource management by different organizations in Nigeria including socio-cultural influence. The paper concludes that sociocultural diversity of Nigeria influences HRM practices in Nigeria because employment discrimination has not been adequately addressed due to ‘quota’ system syndrome which still exists in most of the public service organizations. In the light of this conclusion, the paper recommends that both the management of all organizational sectors and the Nigerian government should strive to adopt progressive approach to ensure coherent human resource policies that will fit
closely with overall business strategy.
Keywords: Internationalization, Human Resource, Management,
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JUSTICE AND HUMAN DIGNITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF
NIGERIAN FEDERALISM AND PUBLIC SERVICE SYSTEM: THE
PROBLEM OF GOOD GOVERNANCE
Prof. Okpata, F.O (Ph.D)
Ikechukwu Ogeze Ukeje
Department of Political Science, Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo,
This paper “Justice and Human Dignity in the Development of Nigerian Federalism and Public Service System: The Problem of Good Governance” was aimed at identifying as well as analyzing Justice and Human Dignity as the challenges of Good Governance in the development of Nigeria Federal system. The broad objective of this paper is to assess the nature and implication of justice and human dignity as it affect good governance in Nigerian development. The paper employed the historical and descriptive approach, using secondary data. The paper is anchored on the Frustration-Aggression theoretical postulations to analyze the study and it thus, revealed that the trace of injustice in Nigerian federal structure has resulted to several agitations for state creation, revenue generation and control, equal participation of all in the management of our common wealth, unemployment, political instability, faulty electoral system and process, bloated bureaucratic corruption, faulty institutional framework, weak state, state of insecurity, increase crime wave and the development of ethnic militias in the likes of Niger-Delta, MASSOB and the Boko Haram insurgence etc; and that the application of the federal character principle in Nigeria public sector organizations has significant effect the human dignity as it has enthroned mediocrity at the expense of meritocracy and professionalism. The paper therefore concludes that the nature and structure of Nigerian federalism right from origin creates the impression of discrimination, ethnicity, tribalism and sectionalism which undermine the philosophy of human dignity and all other attendant challenges to good governance in Nigeria.
Keywords: Justice, Human Dignity, Federal Character Principle, Federalism,
Development and Good Governance.
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Optical Analysis of Aluminum Nickel Sulphide Ternary thin Films for Device Applications
Nwifior K. & Ifeanyichukwu B. J.
Department of physics, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Email: Nwifiokele@gmail.com 08068396009
The solution growth technique was used to deposit ternary thin film on substrates at different bath parameters which include temperature, concentration of solution, volume of solution and water, time of deposition and pH, from bath composition of aluminum chloride (AlCl), Nickle Chloride (NiCl 6HO), 3 2 2 thiourea (CS(NH), distilled water, ethylene diamine tetracetic acid (EDTA) and 2 2 ammonia (NH). Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid and ammonia served as the 3 complexing agents. A UN-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer was used to measure transmittance, while absorbance and reflectance were determined by calculation. The GBC enhanced mini material analyzer (EMMA) X-ray diffractometer was used to measure the elemental compositions of the films. The optical properties revealed that films of Aluminum Nickel sulphide (Al NiS) 4.5 7 3 have high absorbance and reflectance but moderate transmittance throughout the ultraviolet, visible and infrared regions. The above results show that Al NiS 4.5 7 3 could be applied in solar cells, photo-thermal solar energy devices etc. It could also be used as anti-reflection coatings.
Key words: solution growth technique, optical properties, anti-reflection coatings.
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NEGATIVE IMPLICATIONS OF ABUSE OF MOTHER TONGUE ON THE CULTURAL LIFE OF THE PEOPLE OF EBONYI STATE
Okeworo Stephen Nwali (Ph.D) Department of Primary Education Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo 07037363883 Okeworostephen1958@gmail.com
Language in any form it is spoken, be it at the international, national, ethnic or local levels, remains a veritable tool for communication and also a vessel for carrying people’s culture. However, despite this vital role, language is usually abused by a lot of people even including the owners of the language. A situation like that is not encouraging because of the attendant consequences on people’s cultural heritage. It is against that back drop that this study is carried out to investigate the negative effects of abuse of mother tongue on the cultural life of the people of Ebonyi State. Survey design was used to elicit information from a population of 144 autonomous community leaders in Ebonyi State who invariably constituted the sample of study being a small population. A 23 item questionnaire was the instrument used to collect relevant data needed for the study. The four research questions formulated was answered using mean and standard deviation. The lone hypothesis that also guided the study was tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test. The results of the study showed that there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of Urban and Rural community leaders on the negative effects of abuse of mother tongue in promoting the cultural heritage of the people of Ebonyi State. Based on the findings, conclusion was made followed by recommendations among which are that parents should stop the habit of discouraging their children from speaking their mother tongue, relevant authorities in Ebonyi State should formulate policies regulating abuse of mother tongue in the area.
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CRITICAL AREAS OF MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN EDUCATION, WHERE FINAL YEAR NCE STUDENTS IN THE SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA EXPERIENCE DIFFICULTIES
Dr. Ikoro, Ibekwe Stanley.(1);Ezeanyim, Uchechukwu Elizabeth(2) Department of Educational Foundation, Ebonyi State College of Education, Pmb 02, Ikwo. Ebonyi State-Nigeria. Phone: +23407033804440. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Department of training and research. National institute for educational planning and Administration (Niepa). Ondo State-Nigeria.
e-mail: email@example.com Phone: +2347036288659
This study aimed at investigating the critical areas of measurement and evaluation in education, where Final year NCE Students experience difficulties in the South East, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. A sample of 1250 NCE Final year students selected through stratified proportionate(10%),random sampling technique from five (5) Colleges of Education in the five (5) states of the South-East,Nigeria was used for the study. Questionnaire instrument developed by the researchers was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts, one from Science Education and two from Educational Measurement and Evaluation. The data collected were analyzed using Mean and Improvement Required Index (IRI). The results show that the Final Year NCE Students require improvement in all the thirty (30) items of measurement and evaluation. Also the students rated that they require improvement in all the aspect of test development process. Based on these findings the following recommendations were made: Colleges of Education in the South East Nigeria should collaborate with experts in Educational Measurement and Evaluation to organize intensive lectures, workshops, seminars and short courses for the Final Year NCE Students in those areas under study, in order to upgrade their competencies. Equally, Lecturers in measurement and evaluation should spend more time in teaching the course, giving special assignments to NCE students on those critical areas/topics in the South-East, Nigeria.
Keywords: educational measurement, evaluation, critical, critical areas and NCE students.
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WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN SPORTS, ITS PROBLEMS AND SOLUTION
Alor, Roseline Chinyere
Department of Physical and Health Education, Ebonyi State College of
Education, Ikwo Nigeria.
Phone Number: 07036541063
As history could record, it is evident that women participation in sports has
elicited a whole lot of controversies. Going by the Western world development,
these oppositions, and misconceptions are getting behind them while Third-
World countries including Nigeria are still battling with these misconception and
discrimination emanating from culture, religion, illiteracy and poverty. This
paper looked into some of the forces and factors delaying the improvement of
Nigerian women in sports participation. It also examined the performance of
females in sports, showing how they are overcoming some of the problems.
Suggestions were also made that women in the legislative arm should sponsor
the making of favourable laws that will encourage women participation in sports
as it will affect sports administration, better remuneration, attract sponsorship
and the investment in women sports among other things.
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INDICATORS OF SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS: A TOOL FOR PROMOTING QUALITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA SCHOOLS.
Odoh, Emmanuel Onwe
Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo, Nigeria.
Indicators of school effectiveness are very important tools that will guide the
achievement of quality education in Nigeria. This paper, therefore examines
some indicators of school effectiveness which include the teacher?s role, internal
performance indicators and operating indicators; and measures for using them
to promote quality education. It also highlights some concepts and processes of
effective and efficient monitoring of those indicators. Recommendations which
will bring about the needed quality in the school system were made, such as,
Government and stakeholders appointing monitoring team made up of
impeccable education experts to assess schools progress quarterly using those
indicators, among other things.
Keywords: Education, indicator of school effectiveness, effectiveness and
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POLITICAL ECONOMY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
Prof. Fidelis, O; Okpata (Ph.D) & Dr. Anthony, O. Idede Department of Political Science, Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, 1 Nigeria 2 Department of Public Administration, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu
This paper is a theoretical exposition on the Political Economy of Public Administration in Nigeria. Its aimed at identifying the major factors in the Nigerian political economy that will navigate a new political culture in the public administration of Nigeria state for a strong and sustainable political and administrative system that will in turn establish good governance. The paper adopted the Marxist Political economic theory of the primacy of the economy in the political and administrative structure of a system. The paper is anchored on secondary data, with content analytical model of expository framework. It concluded by recommending among others, that a new political economic culture be introduce to reduce the much economic gains and interest in politics and in political power as well as reduction in the paraphernalia of public office, thus reducing the keen struggle for political power in Nigerian state; change in the method and approach of our political leadership recruitment that will reduce rush in the pursuit of political power and public offices etc.
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ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY SIX (6) PUPILS IN FOUR CORE SUBJECTS, IN SOUTH EAST STATE OF NIGERIA.
Dr. Ikoro, Ibekwe Stanley
Ebonyi State College of Education, P. M. B.02 Ikwo, Ebonyi State-Nigeria 1 phone:+234 7033804440. e-mail :firstname.lastname@example.org
The research paper focused on Assessment of Learning achievement for both Public and Private Primary School pupils in South-East Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was used. The sample size for the study was 4,043 pupils and was restricted to primary six (6) pupils, made up of 2,010 males and 2,033 females. Three research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. Instrument for data collection was 110 test items developed by the researcher in the areas of English, Mathematics, Primary science and Social studies. The instrument was given to the Experts for face and construct validity and was finally subjected to a reliability test, using Kudar-Richardson formula 20(K-R 20) which yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.82. The test instruments were administered to the pupils with the help of Research Assistants. Mean, Standard deviation and Percentage were used to answer the research questions while t-test and Chi2 square (x) statistics were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the findings revealed that both male and female primary 6 pupils are very poor and have very low competencies in English, Mathematics, Primary science and Social studies. It is therefore recommended that the Federal Government of Nigeria should mount training and retraining programmes for the teachers on the method of teaching the pupils Mathematics, English language, Primary science and Social studies. In addition to supply of adequate textbooks. Also Supervision Team to monitor classroom teaching and learning should be set up among other recommendations
Key words: Core subjects, Assessment, Learning achievement and South-East States of Nigeria.
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