INNOVATIVE IDEAS IN URBAN/RURAL WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND ITS IMPACT ON HUMAN HEALTH IN NIGERIA
Amadi, Eleanor A., Nwobike Aruchi. Anireh, Uchenna N. Department of Business Education, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt.
The paper takes a look at efforts by the Nigeria nation in attaining sustainable water supply and improved sanitation for both urban and rural dwellers in the country. This was done against the backdrop of the fact that water borne diseases are mostly diseases of poor sanitation that continues to ravage human beings with high number of ill health situations and recorded deaths. Eighteen States of the Federation was chosen as the population for this study, selected from the six geo-political zones. A sample size of 25 respondents per selected state was used after brief interview aimed at ensuring that the participants are knowledgeable on the subject matter. A total of 450 questionnaires were distributed and out of this much, 414 returned representing 92% retrieval rate. The internal consistence of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha Correlation coefficient which yielded an index of 0.85%.Data collected was analyzed using Microsoft Excel descriptive Statistical Analysis at 0.05 error margin. From the result, frequency distribution, percentage and weighted mean responses were calculated; with decision rule placed at and above 2.50 mean rating. It was found that the continued prevalence of cholera out break and other water borne diseases was due to challenges in achieving universal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene in Nigeria. The inertia in the water industry, characterized by innovation deficit in urban rural water development and distribution systems poses challenge to the attainment of improved water delivery in the country. It was recommended that all relevant stake holders, benefiting communities, Local, State, Federal, development partners, donor agencies and organized private sector to work in synergy to achieve the goals of universal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene in Nigeria.
Keywords: Potable water, universal access to safe water, diarrhoea /water born disease, innovational deficit, UNICEF, WHO and MDGs.
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IMPLEMENTING CURRICULUM DEVOID OF CORRUPTION AT TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN ADAMAWA STATE ? NIGERIA
Kamkwis, Markus Zira, Ph.D Riki, Felicia Amamra Department of educational foundations Faculty of education Adamawa State University Mubi Adamawa State ? Nigeria
This paper tries to examine the implementation of curriculum devoid of corruption in tertiary institutions in Adamawa State-Nigeria. The purpose of the study is to identify the types of corrupt practices, the obstacles to corruptionfree curriculum implementation, identify the causes of corruption in curriculum implementation, the effects of corruption in curriculum implementation and the way forward for corruption-free curriculum implementation in tertiary institutions in Adamawa State. The population of the study comprised of all the staff of tertiary institutions in Mubi education zone totaling 1007. A simple random sampling technique was used in selecting 280 respondents using Krojcie & Morgan (1970) table of sample determination. A 53 items self developed questionnaire was used in collecting the data. The instrument was validated by experts in the field of curriculum and a reliability test was conducted using Guttman’s Split Half, which gave a reliability index of 0.89. The mean and ANOVA were the statistical tools used in analysing the data. Based on the data analyzed, it was revealed that nepotic practices, examination malpractice, certificate forgery among others are the types of corrupt practices in tertiary institutions in Adamawa State. Also, inadequate infrastructural facilities, inadequate instructional materials and time gate-crashing are some of the obstacles to corruption-free curriculum implementation. Similarly, emphasis on certificate, poor study habits by students and eroded value system in the society are some of the causes of corruption in tertiary institutions. Given the findings, it is recommended among others that teaching should be professionalized, there should be monitoring and mentoring of teachers and mass campaign on the effects of corruption in education should be vigorously carried out.
Keywords: Corruption, corruption-free, curriculum implementation, tertiary institutions
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UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IN PUBLIC JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PORT ? HARCOURT METROPOLIS.
Dr. E. AAmadi, Dr. P.C. Ogwunte, Dr. Chibuike Egbunefu, Nwobike Aruchi 1,2,3 & 4 Department of Business Education Faculty of Education Rivers State University Port Harcourt.
This research assessed utilization of information and communication technology tools for instructional delivery in public junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt metropolis in Rivers State. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Two research questions guided the study, while two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population consisting of 222 teachers was studied. A validated questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.89 was used for data collection. The arithmetic mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data in respect of the research questions, while Z-test was used to test the hypotheses formulated. It was found that there are ICTs tools in public junior secondary schools, but are inadequate in supply. Again, teachers do not utilize these tools adequately due to their low level of competence skills. Based on these findings, it was recommended that government at all level should provide modern; relevant and adequate ICT tool for instructional delivery, and that seminars, workshops and conferences be organized to up-grade the level of competence skills possessed by teachers in the use of ICT. Keywords: Utilization, ICT, Instructional Delivery, Junior Secondary Schools.
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APPLYING RESEARCH OUTCOMES TO IMPROVE BIOLOGY EDUCATION DELIVERY Ukpai Patricia Ogonnaya Department of Biology, School of Sciences, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
The study examined the application of research outcomes to improve the teaching of biology in secondary schools. Researches in science education have provided solutions to some problems that concern education especially in the area of teaching methods among others. The study analyzed the brain of the learner and how it could be developed to produce experts in biology. It stressed those activitybased approaches like inquiry, discovery methods among others which involves deliberate practice should be used to teach students biology for meaningful leaning and mastery of the subject.
Keywords: Biology, Biology Education and Research
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EVALUATION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATION ZONE OF EBONYI STATE Dr.Athanatius, IfeanyiIbeh Department of Educational Foundations Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Ebonyi State
The study focused on the evaluation of the implementation of senior secondary schools mathematics curriculum in Abakaliki education zone of Ebonyi State. Three research questions guided the study, and three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 95% confidential level. Evaluation research design was adopted in the study. The design was chosen because of the evaluative nature of the study. The population is made up of all the teachers teaching mathematics and SSS students in all the public secondary schools in Abakaliki Education zone totally 119 schools, 142 teachers and 43,323 students respectively. The sample size is made up of 74 mathematics teachers and 600 students using purposive sampling Technique. Two instruments were adopted for the study – proforma and observational checklist. The proforma helped the researcher to collect data of the qualification of the sampled mathematics teachers, answer the research question one and for testing null hypothesis one. Observational checklist for collecting data of content coverage of mathematics curriculum, availability of mathematics instructional materials and extent of the utilization of the recommended assessment practices. Proportions, mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while z-test and chi-square statistics were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 significant levels. The findings of the study show that for the proportion of qualified mathematics teachers, out of the 74 mathematics teachers only 46 of them which is the proportion of 0.62 or percentage of 62% is qualified. The mathematics curriculum content coverage was fairly covered with mean coverage of 2.41. It is significantly below an average since the expected bench mark of 2.50 as recommended in Ho . Result also shows that out of 25 listed mathematics 2 instructional materials only one is sufficiently available while 8 are insufficiently available and 16 is not available. This situation certainly does not enhance effective teaching and learning.Based on the findings of the study the following recommendations were made; Government should ensure that more qualified mathematics teachers are employed. Vice principals academics and principals should ensure that mathematics teachers sufficiently cover the mathematics curriculum content. Government should ensure that adequate mathematics instructional materials are provided apart from chalk, chalkboard and textbooks.
KEY WORDS: Evaluation, Curriculum, Curriculum Implementation, Secondary Education
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INFLUENCE OF FAMILY TYPES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ MORAL BEHAVIOUR IN KEFFI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NASARAWA, STATE.
Kigira, Yakubu Sa’adu PhD Department of Educational Foundations Nasarawa State University, KeffiNigeria Bode-Oke Olusala National Council of Colleges of Education (NCCE) Abuja
This study examined the Influence of Family types on moral behaviour of secondary school students in Keffi Local Government of Nasarawa State. The family types examined were monogamous and polygamous. A sample of 240 students (131 males and 109 female) were selected from a population of 13605 (8199 males and 5406 females) using multi- stage sampling technique. The researcher developed instrument titled Influence of Family Types on Secondary School Students’ Moral behaviour (IFTSSSMB) was used to elicit information from respondents. It was divided into two sections A and B. Section A elicited respondents’ bio- data while section B tapped respondents’ information on family types. Content and construct validity of the instrument were validated by some experts in the Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. The reliability of the instrument was determined by a pilot study using 60 subjects in Karu Local Government who possess similar characteristics with those in the main study. The index of reliability was determined using Cronbach’s alpha, which yielded 0.85. Two research questions and corresponded research hypotheses guided the study and was tested at .05 level of significance. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentage) for demographic characteristics of respondents and to answer research questions 1-2. Chi- Square was used to test hypotheses 1-2, the findings shows that; 1 family type (polygamous and monogamous) has significant influence on moral behaviour of students. Based on the findings, it was recommended that; 1.Parents should have a closer relationship with their secondary school students and lay more emphasis on their moral life.2. Parents should carry every secondary school student along in the family irrespective of family size, emphasis should be on moral up bring of the secondary school student. 3. Parents should adopt secondary school student upbringing that will help in building good morality in their children.
Key Words: Family, Morality, Polygamous, Monogamous, Secondary School Students
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EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF IGBO LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Chidi-Ehiem, Ugochi Ijeoma (Ph.D) School of Languages Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Language education is a vital aspect of education. In Nigeria, the English language is used as the language for instruction in schools, educational administration and as a lingua Franca to the detriment of the development of indigenous languages such as lgbo language. No wonder, Odinaka (2010) posed this ugly question: ?Have you noticed how the Igbo language is fast deteriorating in our schools, markets, public places, business sectors and even in homes, as if no one speaks the language anymore”? Nigerian language including the Igbo language has come a long way following their acceptance as national languages. Igbo language is among the three languages elevated and recognized as national languages. The policy that gave this status came into force in 1977. It is dishearting that-from that time till today, it seems that not much have been done to attain the objectives of these indigenous languages. Igbo language seems to be the worst hit. This paper discusses the provision of national policy on education on languages, the constraints encountered in the teaching of Igbo language and proffers solutions to overcoming these constraints as well as what students need to do to improve and develop their learning in Igbo language. The paper will also address the things that need to be put into place urgently to address this ugly situation. Finally, it was recommended that Igbo language teacher should be properly encouraged by motivating them through incentives like given them indigenous language allowances which will promote and encourage more student to study Igbo language in higher learning. Keywords:Effective, Igbo Language, Education and Secondary School.
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IMPACT OF SINGLE AND MULTIPLE-SHIFT SCHOOLING SYSTEMS ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
Dr. Usman Kabiru Government Day Secondary School, Lamorde, Mubi South Adamawa State Dr. Kamkwis, M. Zira Educational Foundations, Adamawa State University, Mubi
This study investigated the impact of single and multiple-shift schooling systems on English Language students’ Performance in Junior Secondary Schools, of Adamawa State, Nigeria. The study sought out the impact of; single shift system, multiple-shift systems, single and multiple-shift systems on males and female students, and differences of single and multiple-systems on junior secondary school students’ performance in English Language. The study adopted Ex-post facto research design; the target population comprised all public junior secondary schools (JSS) III students in Adamawa state, which are 49,899 with a sample size of 381. Participants of the study consisted of male, female from ten different schools in mubi education zone, a pilot study was conducted at Doubeli GDSS, and Yelwa GDSS, a reliability coefficient of 0.78 at 0.05 level of significance was obtained. Results sheet was used as an instrument for collecting data of junior secondary school certificate examination (JSSCE) scores from 2015-2019 were used as source of data. The findings of this study suggest that the students’ performance in JSSCE from 2015-2019 revealed that, in single shift system students’ performance were better than the multiple-shift systems students’ performance with P-value 0. 038< 0.05. Although, performance of male students in single and multiple-systems and the female students in single and multiple-systems with p- value 0 .816 ? 0.05 which is not significant, therefore the study concluded that multiple-shift schooling systems had a negative impact on students’ performance in mubi education zone. In this regard the study recommended that the Adamawa state government /nongovernment agencies such as; MDGs and World Bank should increase funds to education. As well as teachers’ strengths and welfare should be encouraged. Adequate, relevant materials and infrastructures should be provided by the Adamawa state government for effective learning in schools.
Keywords: Single schooling, Multiple Schooling, Class size, Performance
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