EVALUATION OF PRINCIPAL ? STUDENTS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN IMO STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA. 1 Emma C. Ekwonye (Ph.D) 2 Dr. Clifford O. Ugorji 3 Dr. Samuel A. Okoroafor. 1, 2 & 3 Department of Physical Science Education Faculty of Education Imo State University, Owerri
This study on the Evaluation of Principal-Students Personnel Management in Imo State Secondary Schools has the objective of determining the level of efficiency and effectiveness of principles in students’ personnel management. One hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. The study has survey and evaluation designs. The area of study is Imo State. The population of the study consists of all substantive principals of secondary schools in Imo State. A sample of five principals for the study was randomly selected from the three zones of the state (two from Owerri Zone, two from Orlu Zone and one from Okigwe Zone). A researcher-made rating scale was constructed to collect the data. The instrument for data collection was validated by two experts from Measurement and Evaluation. Its reliability established was 0.96 using Kendal’s Coefficient of Concordance method. Analysis of the data and test of the hypothesis were done using mean ratings of the principals. It was found out that the mean rating of the principals in student personnel management was less than 2.5 suggesting a poor level of students’ personnel management by the principals. Conclusion was made that this deplorable condition of students personnel management in our schools should have immediate checks and remedies for the smooth running of teaching and learning. Recommendations were made. Keywords: Evaluation, Principal, Student, Personnel, Management.
ASSESSING THE MAINTENANCE OF E-LEARNING FACILITIES FOR QUALITY UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
Samuel Nariochukwu Owhondah, Ph.D Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Ignatius Ajuru University Of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt
The study focused on assessing the maintenance of e-learning facilities for quality University education in Rivers State. The descriptive analytic survey design was adopted. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study was 245 management staff of the three public universities in Rivers State. The sample was also all the 245 management staff of the universities, which was purposefully considered manageable. The Instrument used for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire titled E-Learning Facilities Maintenance Assessment Questionnaire (EFMAQ). The instrument was validated by experts in the field while the reliability was obtained using test-retest method and adopting the Pearson product moment correlation statistic the coefficient of 0.79 was obtained. Out of the 245 copies of the EFMAQ administered, 240copies were successfully retrieved and used for analysis. The mean and standard deviation statistics were applied to answer the research questions and the t-test statistic to test hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The results obtained indicated a good stock of e-learning facilities, low maintenance actions, and high maintenance challenges of the e-learning facilities in universities. The test of hypotheses discerned no significant relationship between each of the variables investigated. Thus, e-learning facilities had not received appropriate maintenance actions because of maintenance challenges in universities. The stock of e-learning facilities, therefore, should be complemented with appropriate maintenance actions for quality university education.
Keywords: Assessing; Maintenance; E-learning; Facilities; Quality University Education
ASSESSMENT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA USE IN ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ACCOUNTING BY BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS IN THE NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA 1 AMADI ELEANOR A. 2 ANIREH, UCHENNA N. 3 NWOBIKE ARUCHI 1, 2& 3 Rivers State University of Science And Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt.
Many students generally encounter difficulty in grasping the concepts of accounting. This is not because the subject matter is too dry, but rather the methods in which accounting fundamentals and principles are traditionally presented. Moving away from the tradition of lecture and textbook method of teaching, the use instructional media can improve the quality of accounting instructional delivery. Descriptive survey method was adopted for this study using questionnaires to elicit responses from respondents. Questionnaire instrument titled ?Assessment of instructional media use in enhancing teaching and learning of Accounting by Business Education students in the Niger Delta? (AIMUETLA). In all 250 accounting students and 25 accounting lecturers or lecturers with accounting background were selected from 5 Universities in the Niger Delta (UNICAL, DELSU, RSUST, UNIUYO and NDU). Instrument validation was done and test reliability conducted using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient with an index of 0.88. Mean and Standard Deviation was used to analyze the data obtained from the respondents; while hypotheses were tested using t-test at 0.05 level of significance. Finding revealed that proper and effective use of instructional media can bring about good delivery of teaching and learning of accounting and recommendations made based on the research findings.
Keywords: Instructional media, Effective teaching and learning, Business Education, Accounting, Human Capital Development.
INFLUENCE OF POOR ATTITUDES TOWARDS TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HISTORY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE AND ITS NEGATIVE EFFECTS IN THE NIGERIA POLITICS. Nweze Reuben N. Department of History Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
This research work focused on the problems of teaching and learning of history in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi State. Its objectives were aimed at finding out the problems of teaching and learning of history in secondary schools, the problems students encounter during their studies in history, the reasons why history is not recognized and also why the government do not pay attention to this course, history as a subject, the reasons why students at times do not perform very well in examination in history as a subject. During this research, information were collected by means of oral interview which was carefully administered to randomly selected respondents. The findings revealed that inadequacy of teachers and employment of unqualified teachers has created a lot of deficiencies in history as a subject. The findings also revealed that majority of the students cannot practice or learn on their own without the guidance of their teachers, therefore teachers in history should be adequately trained as they have much impact on students performance.
Key words: Influence of poor attitudes, Towards teaching and learning of History, in secondary schools in Ebonyi State. It’s negative effects in Nigerian politics.
ECONOMIC VALUE OF CASSAVA PEELS PRODUCT IN NIGERIA
1 Dr. Nwose D. I. 1 Department of Agricultural Education (EBSOEI) Ikwo Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Nigeria 2 Nwose R. N. 2 Alex Ekwemefederal Univewsity Of Nigeria, Ndufu Alike Ikwo ( FUNAI), Ebonyi State.
Cassava is very important to Nigeria economy. This paper tries to highlight on the economic benefits of cassava peels, the innovation and technological result that moved cassava peels from being environment waste/ nuisance to important economic materials that are used in foods and, mushroom production among others. Cassava peels have high amount of cyanogenical and high protein content than the tuber part (Tewe 2004). It constitutes 20.1% of tuber and available annually for feeding ruminant animals. It contains fibre that contains a little starch, the over peeling by rural farmers and are wasted away every year, which when burnt would added value by grating and putting it in other livestock feeds.
Key words: Cassava Wastes, Cassava Peels, Pomance
VERSATILITY IN THE USE OF RESEARCH DESIGNS: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR CREATIVITY IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, IN IMO STATE NIGERIA. 1 Ugorji Clifford .O. (Ph.D) 1 Department Of Physical Science Education Faculty Of Education, Imo State University, Owerri 2 Onyeka, Joy Nkeiruka (Ph.D) 3 Onuekwusi, Chijiokenwabuaku (Ph.D) 2 & 3 Department Of Ed/psychology/guidance & Counselling Alvanikoku Federal College Of Education, Owerri
The study investigated the competence of educational researchers in both the faculty of education, Imo State University Owerri and the school of Education Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri in the use of various educational research designs. The study employed both correlational survey deign and descriptive survey. A sample of two hundred lecturers were randomly selected from the three hundred and twenty lecturers from the two institutions. The instrument used was a 25 item questionnaire titled ?Versatility in the use of Design and Creativity in Educational Research? (WDACER). Four research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The Research questions were answered using mean statistics and standard deviation while hypothesis was tested using t-test statistics at 5% level of significance. The finding revealed that there is a significant difference between lecturers who are versatile and those who are creative. Secondly, the most employed research design is the survey. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educational researchers should endeavour to make personal efforts to improve on their research skills. Educational researchers should realize the need to employ various designs during researches since problems pertaining to education are multifarious in nature.
Keywords: Research Design, Creativity and Versatility
SOCIAL MEDIA: A PANACEA FOR EFFECTIVE PEDAGOGY IN BUSINESS EDUCATION IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
Ajinwo, Isaac Peter. Nwosu, Rose Yeyeda Abstract The study investigated the social application in teaching and learning among Business Education students in higher institutions in Rivers State. Four research questions were posed and four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study was made up of 4377 Business Education students from 3 higher institutions. The sample size of 367 Business Education students was determined using Taro Yamen’s formular. A proportional stratified sampling technique was used to constitute the sample based on the population from each institution. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled ?Social Media a Panacea for Effective Pedagogy for Business Education in Higher Institutions?. The instrument was validated by two experts in Business Education Department and one expert in Measurement and Evaluation. The reliability of the instrument was determined using split half method and the scores were correlated using Spearman Rank Order and Spearman Brown Prophecy formular were used to obtain a sectional reliability coefficient values of 0.64, 0.75, 0.95 and 0.80 respectively. Descriptive statistics such as percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. ANOVA was used to test hypotheses 1, 2 and 3 while z-test was used to test hypothesis 4. The following findings emerged: Business Education students have access to social networking sits via smart phones and cybercaf?. Business Education students in Rivers State utilize social media to a moderate extent. The benefits and challenges encountered in utilizing social media in learning were established. It was recommended among others that the school authorities should provide internet facilities in tertiary institutions in Rivers State to enable Business Education students to access as many social media as possible. Business Education student should be encouraged to utilize social media that can impact positively on their academic performance.
keywords: social media, business education and pedagory
EVALUATION OF THE CURRICULUM CONTENT OF UNDERGRADUATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION DEGREE PROGRAMME OF SOME TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
1 Dr. E. A. Amadi 2 Ogwunte, P. C. Ph.D 3 Nwobike Aruchi 1, 2 & 3 Department of Business Education Faculty of Educationrivers State University
The study adopted the CIPP model of evaluation developed by Stuffilebean 1971. The population for the study comprised 1380 respondents made up of 1,276 student and 104 lecturers of entrepreneurship education degree programme of some selected tertiary institutions in Rivers State. A sample size of 437 respondents was randomly selected for the study. One research question and one null hypothesis guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire Titled ?(CCDIUEERS) with 7-item statements. The instrument was validated by three experts. The consistency and reliability of the instrument used was assured using the split-half method to determine the degree of reliability which yielded a correlation co-efficient of 0.81. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question, while z-test statistics was used to test the null hypothesis. The findings of the study revealed that the content of the curriculum design for implementing undergraduate entrepreneurship education programme of the selected tertiary institutions is adequate and meet the required minimum academics standard of the National University Commission. Based on the discussion of findings, its was recommended amongst others that tertiary institutions offering undergraduate entrepreneurship education degree programme should engage the services of experts in educational evaluation to constantly evaluate and ensure that all components of the programme meet the required minimum academics standard of the National University Commission.
Keywords: Curriculum, Curriculum Content, Evaluation, Entrepreneurship Education
INFLUENCE OF MOTIVATION ON TEACHERS AND COMMITMENT TO WORK IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATION ZONE, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA 1 Cletus Akpagu I.
1 Department of Christian Religious Studies Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo 2 Uwaoma Akwu Ude (ph.d) 2 Department of Social Studies Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo
This work investigated the influence of motivation on teachers and commitment to duty with focus on Abakaliki Education Zone. It was a descriptive survey designed to examine the extent of the effect of motivation and commitment to work by teachers in Abakaliki Education Zone. The sample for the study consisted of 420 teachers and Principals drawn in Abakaliki Education Zone. A 20-item, 4-point scale instrument known as Teachers’ Motivation and Commitment to Work Questionnaire (TMACTWO) was used to generate data for answering two research questions and two hypotheses posed to generate the scale of 0.73 established. The instrument was administered through the help of all the principals who were adequately briefed on the rudiments of the study. Mean and ttest statistics were used to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses at 0.05 significance respectively. Findings among others revealed that apart from pro-rata payment and principals’ under strict administrative style of leadership, every other variable was discovered to be a motivational variable and that paying teachers according to time they put into service will never spur teachers to be more committed to duties. It was recommended that Government should do everything possible to see that students do well in the external examinations and that principals of schools should establish good relationship with their teachers as strict leadership style does not help.
Keywords: Motivation, Teacher, Influence And Commitment
QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TEACHER-MADE-TESTS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, IN EBONYI STATE NIGERIA.
Dr. Stanley .I. Ikoro Ebonyi State College Of Education, Ikwo Abstract The study was carried out to determine thee nature of Teacher?made-test in junior secondary schools, with a view to finding out ways of enhancing quality assurance in its construction and administration. The study adopted a survey research design. A total of 353 respondents made up of junior secondary school teachers, who are heads of departments were used for study. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The instrument for data collection titled ?Quality Assurance in Teacher-made-test (QATMT) questionnaire was developed by the researcher It went through validity and reliability tests, with a reliability co-efficient of 0.81 obtained from the application of Cronbach Alpha procedure. Data were analyzed statistically using the simple mean and standard deviation. A mean value of 2.5 was regarded accepted, and items with mean values of below 2.5 were not accepted. T-test of 0.5 significance level was used to test the hypothesis. Results shows that some junior secondary school teachers exhibit low competence level by not following the correct procedures in the construction of teacher-made-tests. The results also show some hindrance to effective preparation of teacher-made-test which include lack of competent skills, much workload on teachers, and much time consumption in test preparation etc. In view of this results, some recommendations were made, among which are that government should provide relevant standardized test materials with specific guides on test preparation for different subjects. Also legislation should be put in place to use correct test procedure.
Keywords: Test, measurement, quality assurance and sustainable development.
TEACHERS PERCEPTION OF PRINCIPAL PERFORMANCE OF SUPERVISION OF INSTRUCTION IN PUBLIC AND RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA
1 Dr. Aloysius A. Orogwu 2 Ugo Ibiam 1&2 Department of Educational Foundations Ebonyi state college of Education 3 Nwode Ngozi N 3 Department of Primary Educations Ebonyi State College of Education
This study was designed to examine principals’ performance of supervision of instructions in public secondary schools of Ebonyi State. To achieve the purpose of the study four specific objectives and one hypothesis were posed to verify the study. Data were collected from a sample of 604 out of 1640 teachers randomly selected by stratified technique across urban and rural schools under study. A structured questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Data were analyzed using mean (x) scores, standard (SD) and t-test statistics. Results indicated that a significant positive difference exist between urban and rural teachers in principals’ performance of supervisory functions on classroom supervision of instruction, monitoring students’ achievement, provision and maintenance of instructional materials, and supporting continuous staff development. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that the school principals as an instructional leader should give internal supervision in order to improve curriculum implementation and reduce incidence of students’ involvement in examination malpractices.
ACCOUNTING SKILLS SELF-RELIANCE AND EMPLOYER’S EXPECTATIONS Dr. (Mrs.) Ngozi Benedette Nwali Department of Business Education Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo
This study seeks to identify the various accounting skills that would promote self reliance among accounting graduates in Nigeria. A total of 21 skills were identified as verifiable tools that could aid accounting graduates in becoming self reliant. The population for the study is 124 respondents comprising 16 accounting lecturers and 108 accounting students drawn from the selected tertiary institutions in Enugu State. All the questionnaire distributed were all properly completed and returned back to the researcher. Using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics it was discovered that out of the 124 respondents comprising 16 lecturers from Higher institutions of learning and 108 students drawn from both college of education and polytechnics, result revealed that 11 of the 24 scored highest 5 average and 6 poor. The impact of this finding is that graduate of accounting must as a matter of fact endeavour to possess these 17 qualities if they must be productive and relevant to the modern day accounting. Keywords: Accounting Skills, Self Reliance, Employers Expectations