APRIL 2018 JOURNALS
EFFECTS OF CRITICAL THINKING SKILL TRAINING ON GHANAIAN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS
COBBINAH, ANDREWS (Ph.D)
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST, GHANA
Student’s performances in core mathematics over the years according to West African Examinations Council (WAEC) results have consistently revealed weaknesses in senior high school students. This situation has made researchers and other stakeholders in education to ask whether students effectively learn during Mathematics lessons and teachers also make use of appropriate methods for effective teaching. Hence, this study investigated the effects of critical thinking skill training on students’ achievement in Mathematics. The non-equivalent pre-test and post-test control group 2x2x2 factorial quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Two public senior high schools were randomly sampled to participate in the study and a total of ninety-two (92) students made up of fifty (50) in the experimental groups and forty-two (42) in the control group were selected from Central Region of Ghana. Students participated in the study as intact classes and the distribution of age and gender were given in those classes. Two Mathematics achievement tests, with acceptable validity and reliability coefficients of 0.79 and 0.83 were developed by the researcher for data collection. ANCOVA and independent t- test were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study were that: there was significant effect of critical thinking skill training on students’ achievement in Mathematics. Again, there was significant gender effect but no age effect on students’ critical thinking skill training group. Based on the findings, it was recommended that teachers should use critical thinking skill strategy in teaching Mathematics lessons to bring about the much-needed improvement in students’ performance in Mathematics.
Key Words: Critical thinking, Students achievement, gender, age and core mathematics
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A SURVEY OF PROSPECTIVE UNIVERSITY ADMISSION CANDIDATES ATTITUDE TOWARDS COMPUTER BASED TESTING IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, NIGERIA
EMMANUEL ETTA EKURI AND OQUA ETA AGBO
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS,
UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR
The study investigated the pattern of prospective university admission candidates attitude towards computer based testing in university of Calabar. One research question and a hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey design using a sample of 426 prospective tertiary institution candidates who scored 200 and above in the 2015 UTME examination and applied for admission in the university of Calabar. Data was gathered through the researchers’ developed questionnaire called attitude scale of candidates on the use of Computer Based Testing (CBT). The instrument was validated by experts in measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of .99 as a measure of internal consistency was established through the use of Spearman Brown Prophesy formula (Rtt). The research question was answered using mean and standard deviation while population t-test was used to answer the research hypothesis. The findings indicated that: the pattern of prospective university admission candidates’ attitude towards computer based testing was significantly positive. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were made including that. Tutorial packages on past CBT examination should be sold alongside the UTME and post UTME forms so that candidates can practice using their own computer or in any business centre close to them. Such tutorial packages, packaged in compact disc (CD) will help prepare students prior to the exam, thus giving both rural and urban dwellers equal opportunity in preparation for CBT test.
Key words: Computer use Attitudes, Computer-based Testing, Electronic Assessment
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THE ROLE OF NUTRITION EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE, NUTRITION AND FOOD SECURITY
IFEJIMALU, A. C.1,
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, ALEX EKWUEME FEDERAL UNIVERSITY NDUFU – ALIKE, IKWO, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA.1
ONUOHA, C. U.2
DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION, EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKWO, EBONYI STATE2.
IGWE, A. A.3
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION, EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKWO, EBONYI STATE3.
In order to deal with malnutrition, individuals need access to sufficient, safe and good quality food. Focussing solely on food security is unlikely to solve global malnutrition. In order to avoid a crushing economic and social burden in the next 15 to 20 years, there is need for countries to educate their people about eating the right foods and not just about eating more or less food. People need to know what constitutes a healthy diet and how to make good food choices. Nutrition education contributes to all the pillars of food and nutrition security. It is also concerned with whatever influences food consumption and dietary practices: food habits and food purchasing, food preparation, food safety and environmental conditions. Nutrition education is an essential vehicle for establishing food rights. Integrating nutrition education with agriculture will help to meet outcome goals of improved child nutritional status and dietary diversity of target populations.
Key words: Malnutrition, food security, nutrition education, agriculture
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IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISPLACEMENT ON WOMEN IN INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPs) CAMP IN GUMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
(MRS) LUCY UGBE
FACULTY OF EDUCATION, GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING UNIT
NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY
The study sought to determine the extent to which displacement has impacted on the psychological well-being of women in IDPs camp in Guma Local Government Area (LGA) of Benue State, Nigeria. Ex-post facto and correlational research designs were adopted for the study. Three research questions were answered in the study and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0 .05 level of significance. Twenty eight (28) displaced women participated in the study and were selected through purposive, convenient and simple random sampling techniques. A self developed fixed-alternative interview schedule consisting of 18 items was used to collect data for the study. The split-half reliability of the instrument yielded a coefficient of 0.84. Mean score was used to answer the research questions while Pearson r’ was used to determine the relationship between effects of displacement and psychological well-being of women in the IDPs camp. The result indicates that there is a significant relationship between displacement and psychological well-being of displaced women. It was therefore recommended that a functional counselling centre be established in the IDPs camp in order to meet the psychological needs of displaced women on a regular basis.
Key Words: Displacement, Psychological well-being, Implications for Counselling.
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THE ROLE OF SCAFFOLDING, LITERATURE CIRCLE AND COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES, IN BOOSTING CHILD- CENTERED LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKWO
This paper entitled the role of Scaffolding, Literature Circle and Cooperative Learning Strategies, in boosting child- Centered learning of English Language is aimed at showing language teachers the importance of making language learning child centered through the use of the mentioned strategies in class. The purpose of classroom interaction is for students learning to take place. Sometimes this learning does not take place because of the method, approaches and procedures used by the teacher in the learning situation. Some of interactions are teacher based. Teacher based instruction inhibits learning because it does not allow the students to play active roles in the learning activities. But when the teacher is aware of the students’ Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), he will build new knowledge and concepts on the level where they are with the students’ full participation in the classroom activities. Scaffolding instructional strategies, literature circle and cooperative learning are instructional strategies that if the teacher employs carefully, they ensure child centered learning as the students play active roles in the learning activities while the teacher only guides them. This is because “what I hear, I do not understand, what I see I forget and what I do I know”. This paper therefore recommends that scaffolding instructional strategies should be used to promote child – centered cooperative learning to students’ English language.
Keywords: Scaffolding Literature Circle, Cooperative Learning Strategies and English Language
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EMPOWERING EDUCATION STAKEHOLDERS THROUGH HISTORY RESEARCH
NWEZE REUBEN NJOBA
DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKWO
This study is focused on empowering education stakeholders through history research, the paper highlighted and discussed important issues such as empowerment, education, stakeholders and history research. The vestige of hope we currently have in the education sector is sustained by well informed and articulate stakeholders who are ever determined to make a positive difference in this all important instrument par excellence, which is not by any inch an end in itself but a means to an end. For the stakeholders to be repositioned, reinvigorated and re-aligned to perform optimally and effectively in achieving the fundamental goals, objectives and aims of education, they must be empowered by, building mutual trust, effective representation, competent group leadership among other things as suggested in the paper.
Keywords: Empowerment, education, stakeholders and history research.
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THE SOCIO-RELIGIOUS IMPLICATIONS OF BURIAL AND FUNERAL RITES IN ONICHA COMMUNITY, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA.
EZE, O. IGODO
DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, NIGERIA
Death is a passage from this earthly life to the world beyond. The death of any member of the family leaves us with fear, sorrow and pains. Therefore, the duty owed to the dead by the living is a befitting burial. However, the rites associated with burial are meant to send the dead home to the world of ancestors. But in doing this, the process has rather become very expensive that people now wince under the burden of this socio-religious duty of sending their dead home. Therefore, this research tries to find out the socio-economic and religious implications of burial rites on families, causes of merriment instead of sympathy and justification for expensive burial and funeral rites in Onicha sub-culture area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The research was carried out by reviewing past documents on the subject, use of oral interviews and participant observation in the area of study. It was found out that this problem has caused families a lot of socio-economic and psychological problems like poverty, indebtedness, prostitution, child labor, abortion, fighting, destitution and death. The implication is that if the society does not fight it, it will continue to cause poverty, corruption and death. Therefore, communities can come up with a blue print on moderate burial ceremony among other recommendations
Keywords: Dead, Wake-keep, Burial, Funeral rites.
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VAGARIES OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER ON THE EARTH: SO MUCH, TOO LITTLE FOR THE HUMAN RACE
(THE GEOGRAPHY’S PERSPECTIVE)
EBURU, PETER INYA (Ph.D) 1
OMEJE VICTOR UCHECHUKWU 2
ITEM VICTOR KELECHI 3
DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY
EBONYI STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKWO. 1,2&3
Before the 19th century, there were limited problems with respect to water shortages or water stress. However, within the 20th and the early part of this 21st century, in both developed and developing countries, there is growing disparity between the available supplies and the ever-increasing demands for water. Several organizations have predicted extensive shortage of water supply (the organization for economic co-operation and development, 2012; World Bank, 2012). This anticipated shortages or water stress is dependent on the ever-increasing population. It is expected that by2050 world population will reach 9 billion (United Nations, 2000). This shortfall in supply is the critical dilemma concerning the earth’s water resources and their use by the human race. This is the critical problem facing man kind today, especially those in the developing countries. Based on this, the paper examines the variable distribution of water resource on the earth. The paper further concludes that man kind is faced with the problem of water shortages. As a result of this conclusion, the paper recommends various measures that can be taken to advert the havoc this shortage could bring.
Keywords: Vagaries, Variability, Water, Resources, Earth and Human Race.
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EVALUATION OF TEACHER FACTOR IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA
EMMANUEL EKURI AND JOSEPH O. ODEY
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS
UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, NIGERIA
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the extent to which public primary schools comply with laid down guidelines for the implementation of Universal Basic Education programme (UBE) in Cross River State, Nigeria, and to find out the extent of compliance by schools. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A total of 287 public primary schools were used in the study. The stratified random sampling method was used in school selection. As an evaluation study, Template was used to collection data about pupils, attendance , and distribution of teachers according to teaching subject, educational qualification and subject of specialization, while simple percentages was used to summarize the data. Results indicated that: (a) complied substantially with the requisite educational qualification for the recruitment of teachers as 87 percent of the teachers possess the requisite teaching qualification. (b) Operated at low teacher-pupils ratio as 63 percent of the schools operated at 1:34 below the approved 1:35 teacher: pupil’s ratio. (c) the number of specialist teachers per subject per schools particularly in subject areas like Mathematics, Primary science, Computer Science and local language were not adequate, Teachers were not assigned teaching job on the bases of their area of specialization. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that recruitment of teachers should be based on subject area of specialization particularly in subjects such as local language, creative art, computer science and mathematics. Areas for further research have been addressed.
Keywords: Teacher-pupils ratio; Specialist subject teachers; Teacher factor; Implementation of Universal Basic Education
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IMPACT OF VISITING LECTURERS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY, KEFFI
DR UGBE L. U
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS, NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY, KEFFI
The study attempted to evaluate the performances of visiting lecturers and their impact on academic performance of students in Nasarawa State University, Keffi. The purpose of the study was to investigate how the performances of visiting lecturers impact positively or negatively on academic performance of students. Methodologically, the study employed the cluster and Stratified sample to classify the students across sex lines and finally simple random sampling was used to reach the target population. The study covered both students and lecturers. Out of 196 questionnaires that were distributed, 175 were for students while 21 were for lecturers. More so, the study utilized one hypothesis on whether the mean rating of students of visiting lecturers indicated significant impact on their academic performance and was tested at a 0.005 level of significance. The students’rating of the visiting lecturers confirmed that there was a positive significant impact . The analysis of the study also revealed that most visiting lecturers do not come as assigned and it was recommended that the university management should constitute a monitoring team to ensure that all visiting lecturers visit as at when due.
Keywords: Visiting Lecturers, academic performance, university students
This work may be found here: Imarj 101010
ASSESSMENT OF EFFECT OF INADEQUATE SKILLED MANPOWER ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN THE UNIVERSITIES OF RIVERS STATE
(MRS) E. A. AMADI1
DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION
RIVERS STATE UNIVERSITY, NKPOLU-OROKWORUKWO, PORT HARCOURT1&2
The study assessed available Human Resources for teaching entrepreneurship education programmes in universities in Rivers State. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. One research question and one null hypothesis guided the study. The population of the study consists of all the Deans, Head of Departments, and Directors of Entrepreneurship centres in the three universities in Rivers State. The population was 175 respondents. These entire population was used as the study sample because the population was small. The research instrument used was a self-structured questionnaire developed by the researchers’ based on the insight gained from the review of literature. The instrument was designed on a 4-point likert rating scale. Three experts validated the research instrument. A correlation co-efficient of 0.88 was ascertained through the Cronbach Alpha method. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research question, and z-test for the null hypothesis formulated. The finding revealed that lack of sufficient skilled manpower affect the development of entrepreneurship education. It was recommended that Management Board of Universities should train and retrain business educators as well as engage the services of qualified manpower in managing undergraduate entrepreneurship education programme in universities.
Keywords: Assessment, Inadequate Skill, Manpower And Entrepreneurship Education
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