IJOEASR JULY 2019

BIOLOGY EDUCATION DELIVERY: A PANACEA FOR
ACQUIRING CREATIVE SKILLS
Ukpai Patricia Ogonnaya
Biology Department, School of Sciences, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
The paper examined biology education delivery and considered it as a panacea for
acquiring creative skills. It discussed the teaching of biology for creativity, addressed
the methods of teaching skills which include integrating theory and practical work,
demonstration and process approaches. It also highlighted the importance and
implications of biology education for creativity which include skills development,
human power development, attitudinal change, high productivity etc. The paper
recommended that adequate provisions should be made by both individuals and
government to ensure effective teaching and learning of biology in schools to boost
its relevance in creativity and skills acquisition. Finally, the paper concluded that
biology if well presented to students has what it takes to make them creative and
enhance productivity and national development.
keywords: Biology’Biololgy Education, and creative skills.

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ENTREPRENEURSHIP IMPEDIMENTS IN E-MARKETING
OF INDIGENOUS CLOTHES IN NIGERIA
Amadi, Eleanor A., Anireh,U.N.
Nwobike Aruchi.
Department of Business Education, Rivers State University of Science and
Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt.
Abstract
Electronic marketing is one of the techniques used through electric media. It has to do with sales through the website to the consumers of the products. Marketers use e-mail and online advertising their goods and services to other parts of the world. Entrepreneur can use this medium for communication, critical thinking, innovation creativity and problem solving about their business on the distribution of indigenous clothes of Nigeria. Instrument used for data collection was structured questionnaire which was validated by three (3) experts before using it for the study. The study useddescriptive survey which is deemed appropriate because it is effective in providing both quantitative and numeric description of the response on the issue. The instrument was administered by the
researcher and 98% of it was retrieved both posting and by hand. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha Correlation coefficient which yielded an index of
0.82%. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, from the result weighted mean and percentage were calculated with rule at 2.5 mean value and above for approval while 2.5 below
disapproval rating. Based on the result of the finding recommendations were made that entrepreneursneed to be more creative in as much as being educated more so to be compliant on ICTto enable them
use e-marketing for globalization. E-marketing is one of the innovations in business and entrepreneurs should be knowledgeable enough to acquire the skill on information communication technologies for expansion in order to meet the demand of the society. More training on the skills of production of indigenous clothes will increase revenue, creativity and competencies in production of indigenous clothes that will enhance revenue and economic recovery in Nigeria.
Keywords: E-marketing, Entrepreneur, Indigenous Clothes, Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, Globalization and ICT

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THE RELEVANCE OF DRAMA IN EDUCATION IN
NIGERIAN SCHOOLS
Chidi-Ehiem, Ugochi Ijeoma (Ph.D)
School of Languages
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
It is quite appalling that students no longer understand during the teaching and learning process due to lack of dramatization as a method of teaching where
necessary These problems often hinder the motive of education since all the
necessary techniques and skills that will foster the effective teaching and learning
are not applied. This paper is set to address the problems encountered by the Nigerian schools with the view of providing answer to the observed educational challenges. Its purpose is to expose the importance of drama in teaching and learning. To make teaching lively and cover the three domains of education. To encourage the teachers to use drama method (dramatization) in their teaching. To bring creativity in teaching and learning in classroom and as well make learning more practical than abstract so as to reduce examination malpractice. This paper made some recommendations which includes: the government should make dramatization of some concepts compulsory in schools and as well provide necessary drama textbooks
Keywords: Drama, Education, and Nigerian Schools.

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ASSESSMENT OF ICT SKILL NEEDS OF BUSINESS
EDUCATION STUDENTS FOR ON-LINE
ENTREPRENEURSHIP BUSINESSES DEVELOPMENT IN
RIVERS STATE
Anireh, Uchenna N., Nwobike Aruchi. and Amadi, Eleanor A.
Department of Business Education, Rivers State University of Science and
Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt.
Abstract
This study was carried out to assess ICT skill needs of Business Education Students for Entrepreneurship Business development in Rivers State. To achieve this objective, two research questions were developed and answered while two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study
adopted survey research designed and made use of 24 item structured questionnaire.
Two experts face validated the questionnaire which was administered to one hundred and fifty respondents. One hundred and thirty six copies of the questionnaire were retrieved and analyzes using mean and Anova to test the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that ICT skill compliant are important skillset needed for on-line Businesses and Entrepreneurship Development and most
Business Education Students in Rivers State are lacking in these skill-sets. There are no significance differences in the mean responses of RSU and FCETO on the matter. Recommendations were made on what needs to be done moving forward.
Key Words: ICT skill compliance/Digital skills, Skill-sets, Competencies,
Global economy, On-line Marketing,

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ACHIEVING ECONOMIC AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
THROUGH SYNERGY AND COLLABORATION IN BUSINESS
EDUCATION
Uzor, Ogbonnaya
Department of Business Education
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
Considering the relevant role which education plays as a significant tool for the growth and effective development of any nation, there has been a clarion call for a more qualitative, functional and skill oriented type of education all over the globe.
Business Education, which is skill-oriented and self-employment motivated, holds the key to Nigeria becoming technologically developed and economically prosperous if systematically packaged and adequately delivered in our various schools and institution. In line with the objectives of business education, it prepares students for occupations in administrative office systems, accounting, finance, marketing, and management and computer information system. Business education equip youths with appropriate skills, knowledge, abilities and competencies that can enable the individuals to be self-employed and self-reliant, leading to sustainable economic growth and development. This conceptual paper therefore is focused on how to achieve sustainable economic growth and development in Nigeria through the collaboration of Business Education. The concept of business, sustainable national development, relationship between Business Education and sustainable
National development, obstacles, challenges of Business Education and way
forward were also discussed. Recommendations were made toward achieving sustainable national development through the collaboration of Business Education.
Keywords: Economic, Sustainable Development, Synergy, Collaboration and
Business Education

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THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC INTERPRETATION OF HISTORY
Nweze Reuben N.
Department of History School of Arts and Social Sciences
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
The socio-economic interpretation of history by Karl Marx popularized the place of class relations in human history. Throughout the history of mankind, those whocontrol the means of production of goods and services often dominate the society. They equally influence the nation-building process either positively or negatively. History has over the years shown the records of how man relates with one another in other to eke-out a good life. Societal civilizations have consistently revealed different forms of stratifications; the “haves” and the “have not”, the ruling class” and the “subject class”, the “bourgeoisies” and the “proletariat”, the “employers” and the
“working class”, the unemployed and the entrepreneur, the over-consumers of national resources and the under-consumers of the national cake etc. Social cleavages have often existed among the different groups that make up these classes.
The serfs in the Middle Ages often rebelled against their masters. The peasants fought the privileged class of nobles and clergy in the French Revolution.
Key word: History, Socio-economic Relations and Nation Building

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AN ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUACY AND UTILIZATION OF
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS BY TEACHERS IN JUNIOR
SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN FIKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT, YOBE
STATE, NIGERIA.
Kamwkwsi, Markus Zira, Ph.D
Jibrin, Mallam Audu
Department of Educational Foundations,
Faculty of Education, Adamawa StateUniversity, Mubi, Nigeria
Abstract
This study investigated the Adequacy and Utilization of Instructional materials by Teachers in Junior Secondary Schools in Fika Local Government, Yobe State,
Nigeria. The design used for this study was a survey design. The study aimed at ascertaining whether there are adequate instructional materials in Junior Secondary Schools in Fika Local Government or not and to determine the extent of teachers
utilization of such materials. The study also aimed at finding out the factors that militates teachers from utilizing instructional materials in their respective schools. Three research questions were raised in relation to the objectives of the study. The
population of the study comprises of all staff in Junior Secondary Schools in Fika Local Government (110 teachers and administrators). Because of the small size of the population and their distribution in the study area, the researchers decided to use all of them. The instrument used was the adequacy and utilization of instructional
material questionnaire which was validated by experts. A Cronbach Alpha was used
to determine the reliability of the instrument and was found moderately reliable with 0.79 reliability coefficient. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage of responses given by respondents with regards to each instructional material and problem in the instruments. The results revealed that adequate instructional materials in the study area are the traditional ones and are being used all the times by
the teachers. The result also revealed that electronic/modern instructional materials are not available in all the schools particularly for the instructional processes. In view of the findings therefore, it was recommended among others that; government should provide trained teachers on the use of modern/electronic instructional materials to all schools in order to meet up with the modern challenges of teaching and learning, government should ensure regular provision of power supply for effective use of the modern instructional materials.
Keywords: Assessment, Adequacy, Utilization, Modern Instructional
Materials, Traditional Instructional Materials.

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PROFESSIONAL INEFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL
GRADUATES AT WORK PLACES IN EBONYI STATE: THE
EFFECT OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES
Dr. Nwose D.I. and Igwe A.A
Department of Agriculture Education
Ebonyi state College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
The study investigated the professional inefficiency of agricultural graduates due to effects of Examination malpractices in Ebonyi State. The study was carryout in Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo, the ministry of agriculture staff The survey research design was adopted in the study. The population consists of 240 students in the school who were randomly drawn for the study. The sample size was determined using Yaro Yamani formula. 23 item questionnaires was constructed and administered after its reliability of 0.84 was established using Cronbach Alpha reliability Coefficient. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used in analyzing data collected. Results of the study revealed that Agriculture graduates inefficiency of can not perform as noticed in various places of their work. Such as inability to keep farm records, not able to identify crops pests and diseases, inability to formulate feeds for poultry birds, and inability to treat birds affected by poultrydiseases Also they lack knowledge in budding animal husbandry procedure, snail
and bees rearing harvest storage facilities and methods.
Key words: Professional inefficiency of Examination malpractice

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IMPACT OF PRINCIPALS’ SUPERVISORY ROLES ON STUDENTS’
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MUBI
NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE,
NIGERIA
Rhoda Markus Kamkwis
Markus Zira Kamkwis, PhD
Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education
Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria
Abstract
This study investigated the impact of principals’ supervisory roles on students’ academic performance in Mubi North Local Government Area of Adamawa State.
Three research questions raised and three hypotheses formulated to guide the study. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population of the study comprised of 120 secondary school principals and 2,320 teachers, giving a total of 2,440 in Mubi north local government. A sample of 200 respondents representing 80 (40%) principals and 120 (60%) teachers from secondary schools elected for the study. The study used a structured four point scale questionnaire for data collection.Data obtained for the study were analysed using descriptive and inferential
statistics.Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the research questions 2 while the chi square (x ) was used to test the hypotheses. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.The findings of the study revealed that lesson plans and scheme of works, continuous assessments and classroom visitations had impact on the school tune and enhance a students’ academic performance in secondary school. Based on the findings the following recommendations are made: The school principals should ensure full participation of teachers in breaking scheme of works and lesson plans to facilitate the actualization of educational goals
of the schools.
Keywords: Principals, supervisory role, students’ academic performance,
secondary schools.

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ANALYSIS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ACQUIRED BY
GRADUATING BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS FOR
ESTABLISHING SMALL SCALE BUSINESS IN RIVERS
STATE
Ogwunte, P. C. PhD (Maben)
Thomas, Bariere PhD (Maben)
Department of Business Education
Rivers State University
Nkpolu-oroworukwu,
Port Harcourt
Abstract
The study evaluate entrepreneurial skills acquired by graduating business education students for establishing small scale Business in Rivers State. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design and was guided by two research questions, and two null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study consists of 1,041 graduating business education students from Rivers State
University (RSU), Ignatius Ajuru University of Education (IAUOE) and Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku in Rivers State. A sample size of 375 respondents representing 36% of the population was drawn for the study. The research instrument was a self-made questionnaire developed by the researchers based on the insight gained from the review of related literature. The instrument was designed on a 4-point likert rating scale and validated by three experts. Acorrelation co-efficient of 0.86 was obtained through the split half method. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions, and ztest to test the null hypotheses. The study revealed that graduating business
education students in College of Education and Universities have acquired financial management and public relations skills for establishing small scale business to high extent. It was recommended amongst others that government at all levels and business organization should support graduating business education students who are potential entrepreneurs by providing adequate credit facilities to enable them establish their businesses on graduation.
Keyword: Analysis, Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurial Skills,
Business Education, Small Scale Business.

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