IJAESR Jan-Feb. 2019

ADAPTIVNESS OF THE NEW WHATSAPP SETTINGS FOR
TEACHING, LEARNING AND COLLABORATION.
AMONG HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN SUB- REGIONAL
AFRICA
1 Anireh, Uchenna N.
2 Amadi, Eleanor A.
3 Nwobike, Aruchi
1, 2 & 3 Department of Business Education,
Rivers State University of Science And
Technology, Nkpolu-oroworukwo, Port Harcourt.
Abstract
The wide use of social media in institutions of higher learning and its e-learning
potentials of the technology are making educators to look at models social network
model to be used to support and improve educational practice for human capacity
building. This study examines the use of WhatsApp instant messaging media for
learning, support and building research collaboration among two universities in
Rivers State; namely, Rivers State University (RSU) and Ignatius Ajuru University of
Education (IAUOE). To represent sub-regional Africa. This model is designed to be
used by distant learning communities or groups and therefore could be deployed
across West African Sub-regions. The study adopted descriptive survey method, using
questionnaire to elicit responses from 100 randomly sampled respondents, 50 from
each university. Questionnaire instrument titled ?WhatsApp an Innovative Research
Support Tool for Collaboration in Higher Institutions? (WIRSTCHI) was used for
data collection. The instrument validated and test for reliability was conducted using
Cronbach Alpha Coefficient with an index of 0.84. Mean and Standard Deviation was
used to analyze the data obtained from the respondents while hypotheses were tested
with z-test at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that WhatsApp if well
modeled could provide innovative research support tools among institutions of higher
learning and enhance learning efforts across West African Sub-region.
Recommendations were made, that suggested among other things the development of
different usable models and creating awareness on when and where to use them for greater effectiveness.
Keywords: Whatsapp, Social Media, Adaptive, Teaching-learning
Collaboration

please access the whole work here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-1-13

THE PLACE OF NOMADIC FARMING AS A SOURCE OF
IMPROVING FOOD SECURITY IN EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA
Dr. Nwose D. I.
Department of Agricultural Education Ebonyi College of Education Ikwo,
Ebonyi State,
Nwose R. N.
Department of Animal Science, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike
Ikwo
Abstract
This paper appraises the operation of nomadic farming using English language as a
tool instead of Arabic language to achieve the great success in implementation of
nomadic farming among the Fulani nomadic farmers. These farming is adopted by
the people who are not permanent residence of an area and keep on moving along
forest land hunting and have their food. Their main resources is from the forest or wild
life. They rear ducks, goats, sheep and various cattle in herd, growing and take with
them their cattle and crops from one place to another whenever they travel. Their
movement is based on season (www.quora.com). Despite the fact that the state spend
a lot money to improve agriculture, the response by these nomadic farmers is still low.
The low nature of their production result from many factors that hinder their steady
progress. Among them is religion which has reckoned with modern sphere of life. They
mostly practice Muslim and have major interest in Arabic language than English
language. Within them, they fear that they may be converted to Christianity if they
adopt it. Since some of them have come to understand that the only way to contribute
in the government of the state is to receive the knowledge to enable them fight for their
basic rights, the state government should try to improve nomadic farming and their
literacy level through introduction with Arabic teaching to the nomadic farmers.
Keywords: Nomadic Farming, security, Arabic and English Languages

Get the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-14-17

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION AND NATION BUILDING
Nweze Reuben Njoba
Department of History
School of Arts and Social Sciences
Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo
Abstract
After the Nigerian Civil War in 1970, the Federal government took over schools
founded by religious groups because education was thought to be a huge government
venture and no longer a private enterprise. Prior to this time, Nigerian leaders
benefitted from the free education offered by missionaries, which became the bedrock
for Nigerian nationalism and independence. Most people argue that the sudden
takeover of the schools by the government brought about the collapse of education
that was hitherto reputable for high standards in learning and morality. Hence, the
call for return of mission schools by pressure groups became rife. Conversely, in the
wake of the return of mission schools some states in the federation and stakeholders
have expressed divergent views, citing denominational sentiments, tribal prejudices
and unhealthy rivalry among citizens as problems that could militate against national
integration and development. This article aims at examining the divergent views in
the light of the role of religion education (RE) in nation building and integration.
Key words: Religion education, Mission schools, Nigeria, nation-building, nation-integration.

Obtain the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-18-34

CONUNDRUM OF RESTRUCTURING NIGERIA
FEDERATION: A HISTORICAL DISCOURSE.
Igwe Eugene Nwigwe
Department of History,
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo.
Abstract
The problem of restructuring Nigeria is not that the government of the day especially
at the federal level does not understand the meaning and its advantages, but the issue
is who is it going to favour or who it would disfavour. Asituation where those who feel
that the status quo is to their detriment are calling on the federal government to
restructure the country so as to bring about equity, equality and equitable
distribution of appointments, opportunities and infrastructural development. The
other group who see nothing wrong about the present arrangement are strongly
opposing the idea. However, the fact remains that every system or institution
established by human being is always subject to amendment, change or
rearrangement. Restructuring of Nigeria political system is a necessity if the
stakeholders (executive, legislatives and judicial arms) in the country are sincere and
have the interest of this nation at heart. For the sake of this paper, I will define some
concepts, why restructuring in necessary, where or area to restructure and finally recommendations.
keywords: Restructure, Federalism and Nigeria

Get The whole work here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-35-37

EFFECTS OF GUIDED DISCOVERY ON KNOWLEDGE
RETENTION AND ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY AMONG
STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH EAST,
NIGERIA.
1 Amadi, Victoria Chinyere (Ph.D)
2 Ugorji Clifford (Ph.D)
3 Felicia Onuabuchi King-agboto (Ph.D)
1, 2 & 3 Department of Physical Science Education
Imo State University, Owerri
Abstract
This study investigated the effect of guided discovery and lecture methods on
students’ knowledge retention and achievement in chemistry in tertiary institution.
Four research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. Quasiexperimental design of two comparism group method was adopted. A sample of 60
students was randomly drawn from the population of one hundred and twenty four
(124) year three tertiary institution students of Department of Chemistry education
Imo State University Owerri and Federal College of Education Umunze. The
instrument used for data collection was Chemistry Achievement Test which was
validated by experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Kuder
Richardson 21 (Kr-21) correlation method and a reliability coefficient of 0.84 was
established for the study. The data generated were analyzed using mean and Analysis
of Covariance (ANCOVA). The study concluded that the guided discovery method had
more effect on students’ academic achievement and level of knowledge retention than
lecture method. Recommendations were made among others including organizing inservice training for teachers on the effective method,(using activity based methods
like guided discovery method) for teaching chemistry in tertiary institutions.
Keywords : effects, guided discovery, knowledge retention, and chemistry student.

Get the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-38-50

CONTEXT EVALUATION OF UNDERGRADUATE
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION DEGREE
PROGRAMME OF UNIVERSITIES IN RIVERS STATE,
NIGERIA
1 Amadi, E.A. Ph.D
2 Ogwunte, P.C., Ph.D
3 Nwobike, Aruchi
1, 2 & 3 Department of Business Education,
Rivers State University
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to determine context evaluation of undergraduate
entrepreneurship education degree programmes of universities in Rivers state. The
study adopted the CIPP model of evaluation developed by Stufflebeen (1971). The
population for the study consist of 1250 respondents made up of 68 lecturers and 1182
undergraduate students of entrepreneurship education degree programme. A sample
size of 375 denoting 30% of the population was randomly selected and used for the
study. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The
instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire with 14 itemstatements. The instruments were validated by three experts. The consistency and
reliability of the instrument used was assured using the split-half method to determine
the degree of reliability which yielded a correlation co-efficient of 0.72. Mean and
standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while Z-test
inferential statistics was used to test the null hypotheses. The findings of the study
revealed that the objectives and quality of students at the point of entry in terms of
admission requirement in the chosen universities are adequate and meet the required
minimum academic standard of the National Universities Commission. Based on the
discussion of findings, it was recEDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-93-115ommended amongst others that universities offering
undergraduate entrepreneurship education degree programmes should ensure that
the admission policy of the programmes is maintained.
Key words: Context Evaluation, Evaluation, Entrepreneurship Education.

Obtain the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-51-60

TOWARDS RETRAINING OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
TEACHERS, ON CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT
TECHNIQUES FOR STANDARDS IN SCHOOLS IN EBONYI
STATE, NIGERIA.
Dr. Ikoro, Stanley I.
Department of Educational Foundations
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo.
Abstract
This study was carried out to examine how retraining of primary school teachers on
Evaluation (continuous assessment) techniques can effectively enhance
comparability of standard between primary schools in Nigeria. The population of
the study consisted 50 primary schools in Ebonyi State. While, the sample comprised
of 500 teachers selected through stratified sampling techniques. The researcher
used a descriptive survey design for the study to Chance generalization of findings.
Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The instrument for
data collection titled Retraining of Teachers on Continuous Assessment Techniques
(ROTOCAT) questionnaire was developed by the researcher was face and content
validated by three experts in Ebonyi State University Abakaliki. Cronbach -alpha
was used to establish the reliability of the instrument which yielded 0.83.
Percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the research
questions, while t-test was used to test the hypothesis, at 0.05 level of significance.
The study revealed that the primary school teachers have very low information and
knowledge about the objectives of continuous assessment. Equally, they lack the
computation skills in terms of grading and reporting. In view of the above, the paper
recommended among other things that Federal and State governments should as a
matter of urgency organize biannual seminars and workshops for primary school
teachers on the development and implementation of continuous assessment; this is
in addition to supplying of curriculum modules on assessment to primary schools.
Keywords: Retraining, primary school teachers, standard, evaluation

Obtain the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-61-68

SCHOOL PLANT AND TEACHING OF ENTREPRENEURIAL
SUBJECTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO
EDUCATION ZONE OF EBONYI STATE
1 Akpagu Cletus I.
Department of Christian Religious Studies
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
2 Dr. Uwaoma Akwu Ude
Department of Social Studies
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo
Abstract
The research study investigated the availability of school plants and success of
entrepreneurial subjects in secondary schools in Afikpo Educational Zone of Ebonyi
State. The design of the study was a descriptive survey which had a population of
Ninety five (95) principals and the sample wad s purposive sample ad the entire
Ninety five (95) was converted to be sample. The instrument used for the study ws a 10
item structured questionnaire titled school plant and the success of the
entrepreneurial subject’s questionnaire (SPESQ). Two (2) research questions and two
(2) hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05
level of significance and mean was used in answering the research questions while Ztest was used in testing the hypotheses. The finding reveled that only few schools had
listed school plants and the available ones were not used because of lack of subject
teachers in the subjects it was recommended that Government provide enough
equipment and personnel ready before introducing any innovating curriculum in her
schools.
Keywords: School Plant, Entrepreneurship

Get the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-69-75

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN PROMOTING PEACE
AND SECURITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
1 Dr. (Mrs) Louisa Oby Unugo
1 Department of Social Studies
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo, Ebonyi State Nigeria.
2 Onwuasuanya Sabina
2 Department of Social Studies
College Of Education (Technology) Umunze,
Anambra State
Abstract
This paper argues that peace and security education is a critical factor for sustainable
peace, security and national development especially in a region prone to conflict and
insecurity. This paper goes on to state that there is clear absence of peace in Nigeria
manifesting in various forms of violence ? physical, emotional, psychological,
structural and cultural violence. This paper posits that education should create a
movement of peace activists that are conscious to change the violent situation in
Nigeria to culture of peace, characterized by respect for life, liberty, justice, tolerance,
solidarity, human-rights and equality between men and women. Also some of the
benefits of peace and security education were highlighted. This article hinge on
descriptive survey design. About 120 (60 males and 60 females)principals where used
from Ebonyi North Education zone Abakaliki. Two research questions and one null
hypothesis where used. Mean and standard deviation where used to answer the
research questions. While T-test was used to test the hypothesis. Some
recommendations were made such as: poverty which is the major challenge of
development and which impacts on other forms of social ills can be eradicated
through employment and support to citizens to engage in small scale businesses. The
government should enhance the economic, social and political opportunities
available to people to make them come out of poverty. This will evolve knowledge
improvement, entrepreneurial development across all states of the federation, in
organization of co-operatives, and associations.
Keywords: Social Studies, Peace and Security Education

Please get the whole work from here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-76-85

TASK NUMBER AND COGNITIVE LEVELS AS
DETERMINANTS FOR ITEM DIFFICULTY
1 Dr. Kingsley Chimah Obi
2 Ugorji, Clifford Ph.D
1&2 Department Of Primary Education Studies Alvan Ikoku
Federal College Of Education, Owerri
Abstract
The paper addresses task numbers and cognitive levels as determinants of item
facility indices. Task number is a new concept in item analysis and in conjunction with
cognitive levels account for much item facility indices. Null hypotheses were rejected.
The correlation coefficient between item facility indices and task number as well as
that between item facility indices and cognitive levels were both statistically
significant. The coefficient of multiple correlations between item facility indices on
the one hand and task numbers and cognitive levels on the other hand is even more
statistically significant. The paper therefore recommends that task numbers and
cognitive levels should be given much consideration as determinants in item
difficulty.
Key words: Task number, Cognitive level, Item difficulty

Get the whole work from here:? EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-86-92

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
AND INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY OF BUSINESS STUDIES
IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RIVERS STATE,
NIGERIA
Ajiwo, Isaac Peter
Department of Business Education,
Rivers State University, Port Harcourt
Abstract
This study was motivated by the frequently observed negligence of the use of
Information and Communication Technology facilities as an instructional material
for Business Studies in secondary schools in Rivers State. The researcher adopted
descriptive survey design. Four research questions and four null hypotheses guided
the study. Two sets of structured questionnaire formed the research instrument. The
questionnaire were administered to the 42teachers and389 students drawn from the
target population. The research questions were analyzed with mean and standard
deviation, while the hypotheses were tested with t-test statistics. The results revealed
that information and communication technology facilities were not available for the
instructional delivery of Business Studies in junior secondary schools in Rivers State,
ICT facilities were not utilized in the instructional delivery of junior secondary
Business Studies in Rivers State, ICT facilities were not adequate for instructional
delivery of Business Studies in Rivers State and that ICT facilities were not accessible
for the instructional delivery of Business Studies in Rivers State. Conclusion drawn
from the study was that the authorities concerned for public secondary education,
irrespective of its size, have a duty to ensure that ICT facilities are made available and
adequately utilized and accessible by teachers and students in junior secondary
schools in Rivers State for instructional delivery. Based on the findings the researcher
recommended that ICT facilities should be included in the secondary school
curriculum as Business Studies instructional material, and also be made available,
adequate and compulsory application in the instructional delivery of Business
Studies in secondary schools in Rivers State.
Keywords: Information And Communication Technology, Business Education, And Instructional Delivery

Get the whole work here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-93-115

IMPROVING THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF
MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE EDUCATION THROUGH,
?ACTIVITY STUDENT EXPERIMENTAND IMPROVISEPUPILS DO SEE AND IMPROVE (ASEI-PDSI) APPROACH? IN
PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA.
1 Agbo, Chinelo Dorathy
2 Nwode Ngozi N.
1 & 2 Department: Primary Education
Ebonyi State College Of Education Ikwo

Abstract
This paper examines how activity based approach can improve the teaching and
learning of mathematics and science education in our primary schools. It starts by
explaining the meaning of activity and some definitions given to mathematics and
Science Education by some scholars in the field. It goes further to elucidate on
ASEI?PDSI overview, ASEI-PDSI enhancing teaching, difficult nature of science,
tools, problems of fostering ASEI-PDSI, ways of improving mathematics and science
teaching through ASEI-PDSI approach and implication for education are also
discussed. The paper finally recommends among others that teachers of mathematics
and science education should encourage and be friendly to the pupils and students or
learners to be active and creative.
Key words: Mathematics, Science, School, Primary Education, ASEI-PDSI

Get the whole work here: EDU VOL 2, ISSUE 1-116-128